How did the ISO 9000 standards develop?

The International Standards Organization (ISO), in Geneva, Switzerland, was founded in 1946 to develop a common set of standards in manufacturing, trade and communications.

It is composed of the national standards institutes and organizations of 97 countries worldwide, including the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

The ISO publishes thousands of standards, but the ISO 9000 series is having a major impact on international trade.

First published in 1987, the standards have been rapidly adopted by organizations in Europe, Asia and North America. In addition, there is a movement by several industries in the EEC where ISO certification is now a prerequisite to product certification. And that trend is growing.

The standards have been endorsed by the American Society of Quality Control, the European Standards Institutes, the British Standards Institution and by the Japanese Industrial Standards Committee.

The standards are published in two booklets, each covering a specific area. However ISO 9004 2000 is a guidance document and therefore registration against this ISO standard is not possible.

  • ISO 9001 2000 - Quality Management Systems - Requirements
  • ISO 9004 - Guidelines for Performance Improvements.

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